Lentils are a high-protein pulse that is dried and then soaked and cooked before eating. Lentils vary in size, and are sold in many forms, with or without the skins, whole or split. Canada is now the world’s largest exporter of lentils to the global marketplace, selling to over 100 countries each year. The most commonly grown lentils are the large green “Laird” and the red lentil.

Types of Red Lentils

Whole Red Lentils : Whole Red Lentils are 1/2 cm wide with a mild, earthy flavor and soft texture. These lentils are crimson, which is a deep orange-red color. Whole Red Lentils have traditionally been used as a meat substitute.




Physical Characteristics The Lentils shall be hard and well filled
Purity 99% min. by weight Whole Lentils, defective Lentils and seed coats
Moisture 14% max —-
Defective Seeds Container: 3% max by weight Lentils not of the specified variety. Lentil kernels that are broken, heat damaged, hail damaged, insect damaged, frosted, shriveled, split, chipped, sprouted, affected by mould (field or storage). Includes pods that contain Lentils, whether broken or unbroken and loose seed coat.
Bulk ship: 5% max by weight
Varietal Restriction 1% max by weight Lentils not of the specified variety.
Poor color 1% max by weight Discoloured Lentils have excessive discolouration of the seed coat as per the Pulse Australia Lentil Photographic Charts. Includes disease, frost and water staining.
Screen size Aldinga – 2.2mm slotted hole If whole lentils fall through then classed defective. All material that passes through screen is part of defective or foreign material as applicable.
All other varieties – 2 mm slotted hole
Foreign Material 1% max by weight Unmilliable material and all vegetable matter other than Lentil seed material.
Unmillable Material 0.1% max by weight Soil, stones, metals and non-vegetable matter.

Decorticated Whole Red Lentils (Also known as: Footballs) : The Red Footballs are also made from the Whole Red Lentil. The skin is removed from the lentil, leaving the inside portion of the seed whole (not split). The result is a beautiful intact, reddish-orange polished product.

Split Red Lentils (Also known as: Lentille, Masoor, Mercimek) : Split red lentils are made from splitting the whole red lentil. The skin is removed and the remaining reddish-orange seed is then split into two halves. A product of Canada, and among the best in the world known for quality.




Physical Characteristics

Good colour lentils: Split lentils having a clean and bright appearance. The lentils shall be milled from hard and well-filled whole red lentil seed.


99.75% min. by weight

Split lentils, whole Lentils and caps.


14% max


Foreign Material

0.25% max by weight

Unmilliable material (i.e. includes soil, stones, metals and non-vegetable matter) and all vegetable matter other than Lentil seed material including detached seed coats.

Poor colour

0.25% max by weight

Kernel that is distinctly off colour from the characteristic colour of the predominating class. Includes lentils that are brown, black, green and / or yellow.

Chalky white disease

0.25% max by weight



0.25% max by weight

Caps are those seed coats adhering to split or broken see measured as a combined weight.

Dehulled whole lentils

5% max by weight


Broken and /or kibble lentils

5% max by weight

Lentil seed material that passes through a round whole screen. Northfield = 2.87mm; all other varieties = 3mm

Screen size

Northfield = 2.78mm round hole

Lentil material broken or kibble if falls through.

Field insects

Nil tolerance

Dead per 200 g sample

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